WARTIME BICYCLES
U.S. Army 1943 G519 Columbia Model MG Bicycle, Serial Number 141762, above photo.
This bicycle is shown in unrestored condition with post-WWII blue paint. The G519 was originally painted olive
drab from the factory and is visible under the blue paint on this bicycle. The 1942 and early 1943 Columbia
and Huffman bicycle is easily identified by the curved front frame tube, which was the same as the civilian
model. In 1943, the front frame tube was changed to a straight tube. The serial number for all G519 bicycles is
located on the bottom of the frame tube that supports the pedals. The tires on this bicycle are post-WWII
production. This bicycle has the original wooden pedals and olive green torpedo shaped grips. It is missing
the kick stand, battery operated fender lamp and the handlebar bell. The horn mounted on the handlebars is
post-WWII.
During the early 20th century, the bicycle was the easiest and most cost effective vehicle the military could
purchase. In 1942, a contract was awarded to two bicycle manufacturers to produce the Government Model
519, or G519 Bicycle, to be used by all three branches of the United States Military. The contract was awarded
to Westfield Columbia, Massachusetts and Dayton Huffman, Ohio. The G519 was the only military vehicle
produced that was gender specific - there was a different version produced for men and women.
Civilian bicycle production continued during WWII for all other manufacturers.
U.S. Army 1943 G519 Huffman Model MG Bicycle, Serial Number H126040, above photo.
This bicycle was obtained by QuestMasters in restored condition, but it will be re-restored as many details were not done
correctly. The 1942 and early 1943 Columbia and Huffman bicycle is easily identified by the curved front frame tube, which
was the same as the civilian model. In 1943, the front frame tube was changed to a straight tube. The serial number for all
G519 bicycles is located on the bottom of the frame tube that supports the pedals. The tires, seat, pedals and grips on this
bicycle are post-WWII.
U.S. Army 1945 Columbia Model F-92L Bicycle, Serial Number G198692, above photo.
The Columbia Compax Sports Traveler was a take-apart bicycle that first started production in 1939. The bicycle could be
separated into two sections by a sleeve in the center of the frame, allowing it to be easily transported. During WWII this
bicycle was produced for the United States Military as the F-92H (Heavy, balloon tires) and F-92L (Lightweight tires).
This bicycle was restored by QuestMasters in 2013.
The F-92H and F-92L are best affiliated as being used by Airborne Paratroopers, but no documentation has been found that
shows them being deployed in combat, although they were used in non-combat roles on and around bases.

After WWII, the Columbia Compax Sports Traveler was marketed with the name and head badge logo “Compax Paratrooper”.
British 1942 BSA Paratrooper Bicycle, Serial Number R3641, above photo.
The Birmingham Small Arms Company was contracted by British Government during WWII to produce a folding bicycle for the
Army for use by paratroopers. Shown here is the very early first model BSA Paratroop Bicycle. The first model is identifiable
by the twin tubes that support the seat. The second model had only one tube that supported the seat.
This bicycle 100% original with WWII paint, tires, grips and seat.
G519 Bicycle Tool Bag, above photo.
The G519 Bicycle made by Columbia and Huffman was supplied with a leather and pressed steel tool bag. The steel parts
were painted olive drab. The tool bag was mounted below the rear of the seat. The only manufacturer of the G519 Tool Bag
was The Persons Company, Worchester Massachusetts.
G519 Bicycle Tools, above photo.
The G519 Bicycle tool bag contained tools to service and adjust the parts of the bicycle. This U.S. Army marked wrench was
manufactured by FL Manufacturing Company, Newark NJ.
G519 Bicycle Grips, above left photo.
The early contract G519 bicycle was delivered with black rubber civilian style Coke Bottle shaped grips. Because rubber was
a valuable material in war production, the G519 bicycle was later delivered with olive green plastic torpedo shaped grips. The
examples here are New Old Stock directly from the wartime packaging.
G519 Bicycle Pedals, above right photo.
The pedals on the G519 bicycle were produced by Torrington. The examples shown here have rubber blocks used in early
production. War production shortage in rubber forced the rubber to be replaced with wooden blocks.
G519 Bicycle Tires, above two photos.
The tires shown here are original WWII produced tires by U.S. Chain, Tread 500, United States Rubber Company, size 26 x
2.125 (known as balloon tires). WWII produced tires normally carry the marking: WAR TIRE.
G519 Bicycle Tires, above two photos.
The tires shown here are original WWII produced tires by ALLSTATE CRUSADER, size 26 x 2.125 (known as balloon tires).
WWII produced tires normally carry the marking: WAR TIRE.
These tires would have been fitted to a WWII civilian produced bicycle, but could have been used as a replacement tire on a
military produced G519 bicycle.